Public sector banks is used commonly in India. This refers to banks that have their shares listed in the stock exchanges NSE and BSE and also the government of India holds majority stake in these banks.
Public sector banks are banks that are owned by the government of India. The most important use of public sector banks is the fact that, it is used by the government to dispense the pension amounts for the retired employees of state and central government if India.
Banking in India originated in the last decades of the 18th century. The first banks were The General Bank of India, which started in 1786, and Bank of Hindustan, which started in 1790; both are now defunct. The oldest bank in existence in India is the State Bank of India, which originated in the Bank of Calcutta in June 1806, which almost immediately became the Bank of Bengal.